centos7.8 下安装magento 2.4.2-p1 - 来自一叶知秋

本文内容来自QQ群大佬陈伟明(一叶知秋)的学习分享

 

服务端: centos7.8

前面都是在centos7下面安装,准备的工作完成后,就进入到magento的安装

一,在 https://marketplace.magento.com 注册自己的账号, 后面安装相关插件都要用

toby2chen@hotmail.com
密码xxxxx

这是我的账号
进到个人中心 进到 Marketplace -> my Products ->Access Keys ->magento2

Public Key: xxxx Copy
Private Key: xxx Copy
这是我创建的公钥和私钥

 

二,创建网站,只用composer来安装,后面好开发,好维护

 

# cd /var/www
# yum install unzip 这个装一下,compser要用到
# composer create-project --repository-url=https://repo.magento.com/ magento/project-community-edition=2.4.2-p1 tribesigns

 

指定了版本 和要用的项目目录名 在写文件最新就是 2.4.2-p1 ,可用版本,我们可以在 github 上看,一般release的版本,在 官方都可用
https://github.com/magento/magento2/releases 可以查看

提示username输入Public Key,password输入Private Key,是否创建auth.json,输入Y回车
Do you want to store credentials for repo.magento.com in /root/.config/composer/auth.json ? [Yn] y
若是其它用户,如 www Do you want to store credentials for repo.magento.com in /home/www/.config/composer/auth.json ? [Yn]
等一段时间就可以,小心看有没有报错,若前面准备工作做好,一般没问题

若是刚开始研究,则可以
https://www.360magento.com/blog/cat/magento-download/post/magento-2-download-all/ 下载后,放到项目,然后执行
composer install 这样速度快一些

# 在网站的根目录下,
# composer install
到这里若没有错,基本magento代码是到位了

三,下面就是安装网站

www.ltribesigns66.com 这个自己在hosts 面面加一下,指定 web服务器

安装网站

 

bin/magento setup:install --base-url=http://www.ltribesigns.com/ \
--db-host=192.168.56.66 --db-name=tribesigns_com --db-user=root --db-password=123456 \
--backend-frontname="admin" \
--admin-firstname=Magento --admin-lastname=User --admin-email=admin@demo.com \
--admin-user=admin --admin-password=admin123 --language=en_US \
--currency=USD --timezone=America/Chicago --use-rewrites=1 \
--search-engine=elasticsearch7 --elasticsearch-host=192.168.56.67 \
--elasticsearch-port=9200 --cleanup-database

 

指定了网圵,会生成在两个地方: 若要更换网圵,这两个地方要改,若是生产环境,来一次完整的“单机发布”

1)core_config_data 表中

web/unsecure/base_url
web/secure/base_url

2) app/etc/env.php
里面

生成后,都是root的权限,这时要改权限了

修改目录的权限

我用的是www运行

chown www.www -R xxx

若要重新安装
则要
删除 var/cache 文件夹下面的文件

删除 generated文件夹

删除 app/etc/config.php

删除 app/etc/env.php

安装 mageplaza 这个提供商质量好,最好安装

composer remove mageplaza/module-core
rm -rf app/code/Mageplaza/Core
rm -rf vendor/mageplaza/module-core
composer dump-autoload
composer require mageplaza/module-core
php bin/magento setup:upgrade

 

四,登录后台

1.登陆后台出错:

Failed to send the message. Please contact the administrator

解决方案:

bin/magento module:disable Magento_TwoFactorAuth

2.出现以下错误:

One or more indexers are invalid. Make sure your Magento cron job is running.

解决方案:

php bin/magento indexer:reindex

原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/Lin_Hv/article/details/109379496

个人注册
toby2chen@hotmail.com
Cwm123!@#

 

五,安装演示数据

composer self-update 更新一下版本
php 的内存 memory-limit 要加大来,才能装上,我这里加到 4096M
bin/magento sampledata:deploy

若出现 Content-Length mismatch 错误,就切换一下源,再操作
我用阿里云的才装成功

composer config repo.packagist composer https://mirrors.aliyun.com/composer/
composer config repo.packagist composer https://packagist.phpcomposer.com

 

关联到数据,最后的安装,这是先安装好magento 后,才要执行这个动作

bin/magento setup:upgrade

这里又要改一下目录的权限

chown www.www -R xxx

把 var/cache  下面的文件清除一下

再打开网站,这里应该就正常了

nginx对应的配置文件
/usr/local/nginx/conf/vhost/tribesigns.conf

server{
listen 80;
server_name localhost www.ltribesigns.com ;
charset utf-8;

set $MAGE_ROOT /var/www/tribesigns;
set $MAGE_DEBUG_SHOW_ARGS 0;

root $MAGE_ROOT/pub;

index index.php;
autoindex off;

error_log /log/nginx/tribesigns/error.log;

error_page 404 403 = /errors/404.php;


# PHP entry point for setup application
location ~* ^/setup($|/) {
root $MAGE_ROOT;
location ~ ^/setup/index.php {
fastcgi_pass fastcgi_backend;

fastcgi_param PHP_FLAG "session.auto_start=off \n suhosin.session.cryptua=off";
fastcgi_param PHP_VALUE "memory_limit=756M \n max_execution_time=600";
fastcgi_read_timeout 600s;
fastcgi_connect_timeout 600s;

fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}

location ~ ^/setup/(?!pub/). {
deny all;
}

location ~ ^/setup/pub/ {
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
}
}

# PHP entry point for update application
location ~* ^/update($|/) {
root $MAGE_ROOT;

location ~ ^/update/index.php {
fastcgi_split_path_info ^(/update/index.php)(/.+)$;
fastcgi_pass fastcgi_backend;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
include fastcgi_params;
}

# Deny everything but index.php
location ~ ^/update/(?!pub/). {
deny all;
}

location ~ ^/update/pub/ {
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
}
}

location / {
try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;
}

location /pub/ {
location ~ ^/pub/media/(downloadable|customer|import|custom_options|theme_customization/.*\.xml) {
deny all;
}
alias $MAGE_ROOT/pub/;
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
}

location /static/ {
# Uncomment the following line in production mode
# expires max;

# Remove signature of the static files that is used to overcome the browser cache
location ~ ^/static/version {
rewrite ^/static/(version\d*/)?(.*)$ /static/$2 last;
}

location ~* \.(ico|jpg|jpeg|png|gif|svg|js|css|swf|eot|ttf|otf|woff|woff2|html|json)$ {
add_header Cache-Control "public";
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
expires +1y;

if (!-f $request_filename) {
rewrite ^/static/(version\d*/)?(.*)$ /static.php?resource=$2 last;
}
}
location ~* \.(zip|gz|gzip|bz2|csv|xml)$ {
add_header Cache-Control "no-store";
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
expires off;

if (!-f $request_filename) {
rewrite ^/static/(version\d*/)?(.*)$ /static.php?resource=$2 last;
}
}
if (!-f $request_filename) {
rewrite ^/static/(version\d*/)?(.*)$ /static.php?resource=$2 last;
}
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
}

location /media/ {

try_files $uri $uri/ /get.php$is_args$args;

location ~ ^/media/theme_customization/.*\.xml {
deny all;
}

location ~* \.(ico|jpg|jpeg|png|gif|svg|js|css|swf|eot|ttf|otf|woff|woff2)$ {
add_header Cache-Control "public";
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
expires +1y;
try_files $uri $uri/ /get.php$is_args$args;
}
location ~* \.(zip|gz|gzip|bz2|csv|xml)$ {
add_header Cache-Control "no-store";
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
expires off;
try_files $uri $uri/ /get.php$is_args$args;
}
add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
}

location /media/customer/ {
deny all;
}

location /media/downloadable/ {
deny all;
}

location /media/import/ {
deny all;
}

location /media/custom_options/ {
deny all;
}

location /errors/ {
location ~* \.xml$ {
deny all;
}
}

# PHP entry point for main application
location ~ ^/(index|get|static|errors/report|errors/404|errors/503|health_check)\.php$ {
try_files $uri =404;
fastcgi_pass fastcgi_backend;
fastcgi_buffers 16 16k;
fastcgi_buffer_size 32k;

fastcgi_param PHP_FLAG "session.auto_start=off \n suhosin.session.cryptua=off";
fastcgi_param PHP_VALUE "memory_limit=756M \n max_execution_time=18000";
fastcgi_read_timeout 600s;
fastcgi_connect_timeout 600s;

fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}

# Banned locations (only reached if the earlier PHP entry point regexes don't match)
location ~* (\.php$|\.phtml$|\.htaccess$|\.git) {
deny all;
}
}

 

 

作者:陈伟明
联系 : QQ 942923305 | 微信 toby942923305
E-mail: toby2chen@hotmail.com
==================================
修订时间:
9:41 2021-06-18 星期五
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